Appositive: An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. The appositive can be a short or long combination of words.

Ex: The man, Johnny, is eating paste.

Aliteration: The reuse of a string of words in a sentence that start with the same letter.

Ex: Perry painted pale pails with paste.

Authors Purpose: Authors purpose is the different reasons why authors write something. For example, they write to: inform, persuade, entertain, or explain something.

Ex: In this article selection, the authors purpose is to pursuade-
“There are many reasons you should choose our paste company over there paste company; the cost being one of them.”

Characterization: the act of characterizing; mostly the representation of human character or motives.

Ex: The news reporter was criticized for his characterization of the workers of the paste factory as poor and stupid.

Diction: The accent of a certain word in a sentence in order to correspond with their importance.

Ex: In this sentance, there is diction on CAPITALIZED words-

We as PEOPLE must RISE UP, to DEFEAT our enemies!

Identify the lesson learned from a given passage:

Johnny once ate paste. His stomach hurt afterwards.

The lesson is, you should never eat paste.

Imagery: visually descriptive or figurative language in a story. It is also the pattern of images that run through a story.

Ex: The paste was soft, yet delicate, and was a bright peach color.

Metaphor: A term or phrase in which something may be represented as something it isn’t, in order to suggest a resemblance.

Ex: The paste was a flowing waterful of color and texture.

Noun: The part of speech that is used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action and can function as the subject or object of a verb, the object of a preposition, or an appositive.

Ex: Types of nouns-

Person- Johnny

Place- New York City, New York

Thing- paste

Quality- honesty

Personification: The literary act of making an inanimate or non-human thing, a human characteristic.

Ex: The paste soothed me with it’s warmth and smoothness

Plot: Also called the storyline. The plan, scheme, or main story of a story

Ex: This is an example of the plot of a book being displayed at the beggining of the story-

“Johnny ran to the playground in order to get the paste he needed to survive.”

Summarize: To explain a book or story in a shorter form, which usually adresses the plot and main point of the peice.

Ex: This is a short summary of the book Hunger Games-

Katniss is a competitor in the hunger games, a contest that happens every year in the future that pits kids against each other in a televised death match.

Supporting Details: The supporting details are the peices of information that describes the main idea. They also make the main idea stronger.

Ex: In the book Hunger Games, although the book mainly focused on the actual Hunger Games competition, the readers knowledge of Katniss’s backstory was critical in helping the reader understand the book better.

Symbolism: Something in a story that was put there by the author to represent a different purpose or meaning.

Ex: In a story, if a wealthy man walks into a poor town, and sees a poor orphan child and cries, then that might symbolize his neglect at lower class society.

Synonym: A word that means the same thing as another word.

Ex: Synonyms of bad are:




Theme: The lesson learned in the story.

Ex: Johnny went on a quest to find some paste, but the paste was missing. He was forced to team up with a monster who looked evil, and they went on a journey together. Johnny thought the monster was bad, but it was really nice.

The lesson is: Dont judge a book by it’s cover.

Tone: The overall mood or effect of a story.

Ex: Everyday, Johnny would kill a bird using paste and then burn it. He would bury them in the yard while smiling and laughing. Johnny was never caught and grew up to be twisted and terrible person.

The tone of the story is, twisted or evil.

Transitions: Going from one point in a story to another. A turning point.

Ex: In a story, where everything seems perfect, but the bad guy does something bad and all hope is lost.